Integrated Monarch Monitoring Program

What Is The Integrated Monarch Monitoring Program?

The Monarch Conservation Science Partnership (MCSP) formed in 2009 and is a consortium of scientists and conservation professionals who are collectively tackling monarch conservation research questions. The MCSP’s Integrated Monarch Monitoring Program (IMMP), also referred to as the Integrated Monitoring Strategy (IMS), is a national initiative to monitor monarch populations and habitat throughout the breeding range. The IMMP uses a spatially balanced sampling scheme and draws from existing citizen science programs to deliver a suite of protocols that capture many aspects of habitat quality, threats, and monarch use of that habitat. Data gathered through the IMMP contribute to existing population and habitat models that inform broad scale monarch conservation!  

Citizen scientists, land managers, and researchers are all vital to this effort; researchers alone cannot cover enough ground to capture the information that is needed, so we need an all-hands-on-deck approach to conserving and monitoring monarchs. Data collected using these protocols provide a snapshot of monarch activity at a given place and time. Cumulatively, these snapshots form a comprehensive picture of monarch activity and habitat availability that can be used in many ways to inform local, regional, and national conservation efforts.

Financial support for this IMMP program comes from the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation, US Fish and Wildlife Service, and Monarch Joint Venture. 

Field Activities & Protocols

Read a brief description of IMMP field activities and download full activity instructions.


Learn about and sign up for Integrated Monarch Monitoring Project trainings.

Priority Monarch Blocks Map

Explore priority monarch monitoring areas (randomized 10x10 km 'Monarch Blocks') designed to guide national monitoring efforts.