Legal protections for monarchs involve a patchwork of city ordinances, coastal zone management plans, and state and federal law. However, since the extent to which these laws protect monarch overwintering sites is not known, there is no way to give straightforward answers to questions about what developments or other land management practices are allowed at monarch overwintering sites.
The Xerces Society has worked with the Lewis and Clark Law School’s International Environmental Law Project to review all laws and regulations that govern management of California overwintering sites. The review was completed in the fall of 2011 and is available in our resources section . By aggregating the legislation and ordinances of cities, counties, and the State of California as they relate to California monarch overwintering sites, we will be able to present monarch conservationists, park managers, private landowners, and other interested parties with a comprehensive and accessible summary of the legal tools available to protect these sites.